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A Brief Introduction of the 19th CPC National Congress

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is scheduled to be convened on the 18th October at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. The congress is a very important meeting to be held when China is striving for its final victory for achieving a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and at a critical time for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The 19th CPC National Congress will review the Party's work over the past five years and summarize precious experiences that the Party has gained from the historical process of uniting and leading people of all ethnic groups to carry on and advance socialism with Chinese characteristics under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Xi at the core since the 18th CPC National Congress.

A new CPC Central Committee and a new Central Commission for Discipline Inspection will be elected at the congress. The upcoming congress will elect members to the CPC Central Committee, then the new Central Committee will elect members to the Political Bureau, the Political Bureau Standing Committee and the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

The congress will shape China's future until 2022. It will thoroughly examine the current international and domestic situation, and take into account the new requirements for the development of the Party and the country as well as new expectations from the people, and will draw out guidelines and policies that respond to the call of the times.

One of the key functions of the CPC National Congress is to revise the Constitution of the Party. The amended constitution should fully represent the latest sinicization of Marxism, new governance concepts, thoughts and strategies of the CPC Central Committee since the last congress.

A total of 2,287 delegates have been selected from across China to attend the congress. The delegates were elected in accordance with the Party constitution and CPC Central Committee requirements. A total of 771 delegates, or 33.7 percent of the total, are from frontline production and manufacturing, an increase of 3.2 percentage points compared with the 18th congress five years ago. Among them, 198 are workers or migrant workers, 86 are farmers and 283 are professional technical personnel. The representation of female CPC members and members from ethnic minority groups are also rising, reaching 24.1 percent and 11.5 percent of the total respectively, noting that ethnic minority members come from 43 out of the country's 55 ethnic minority groups.

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